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FAA education and training requirements

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) sets drug and alcohol education and training requirements for safety-sensitive employees and supervisors who will make reasonable suspicion testing decisions. Our programs help you meet these requirements.

FAA employee education requirements

Employees must receive education on both drugs and alcohol. The FAA employee drug education requirements are listed in 14 CFR part 120.115 [Opens a new browser tab]. Employee alcohol education requirements are listed in 14 CFR part 120.115. Here is a summary.

Employers must communicate to covered employees the identity of the individual who will answer questions about employee education and training materials.


The FAA requires drug education and training for employees.

Drug Education

Employers must display and distribute informational material and a community service hot-line telephone number for employee assistance.

Employers must also display and distribute the employer's policy regarding drug use in the workplace. The policy must include information regarding the consequences under DOT rules of using drugs while performing safety-sensitive functions; receiving a verified positive drug test result; or refusing to submit to a required DOT drug test

Drug training

Employers must implement a reasonable program of initial training for employees that at a minimum includes the effects and consequences of drug use on individual health, safety, and work environment; and the manifestations and behavioral cues that may indicate drug use and abuse.


Each employer shall provide educational materials that explain the DOT alcohol testing requirements and the employer's policies and procedures with respect to meeting those requirements. These materials must include detailed discussion of at least the following:

Program scope

  • The categories of employees who are subject to the provisions of these alcohol testing requirements
  • Sufficient information about the safety-sensitive functions performed by those employees to make clear what period of the work day the covered employee is required to be in compliance with these alcohol testing requirements

Conduct and consequences

  • Specific information concerning employee conduct that is prohibited by this chapter
  • The requirement that a covered employee submit to alcohol tests administered in accordance with this subpart
  • An explanation of what constitutes a refusal to submit to an alcohol test and the attendant consequences
  • The consequences for covered employees found to have violated the prohibitions in this chapter, including the requirement that the employee be removed immediately from performing safety-sensitive functions, and the process in 49 CFR part 40, subpart O.
  • The consequences for covered employees found to have an alcohol concentration of 0.02 or greater but less than 0.04.

Alcohol testing

  • The circumstances under which a covered employee will be tested for alcohol under this subpart
  • The procedures that will be used to test for the presence of alcohol, protect the employee and the integrity of the breath testing process, safeguard the validity of the test results, and ensure that those results are attributed to the correct employee.


Information concerning
  • The effects of alcohol misuse on an individual's health, work, and personal life
  • Signs and symptoms of an alcohol problem
  • Available methods of evaluating and resolving problems associated with the misuse of alcohol
  • Intervening when an alcohol problem is suspected, including confrontation, referral to any available employee assistance program, and/or referral to management