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FMCSA education and training requirements

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) sets drug and alcohol education and training requirements for employees and supervisors. Our programs help you meet these requirements.

FMCSA employee education requirements

FMCSA employee drug and alcohol education requirements are detailed in 49 CFR part 382 section 382.601, available on the FMCSA website [Opens a new browser tab]. Here is a summary.

Employers must provide educational materials to drivers that include detailed discussion of at least the topics below, and tell drivers who to contact with questions.

Program scope

  • The categories of drivers who are subject to FMCSA drug and alcohol testing
  • Information about safety-sensitive functions, so drivers will know when they must comply with the employer's FMCSA testing policy

Conduct and consequences

  • Prohibited driver conduct
  • The requirement that a driver submit to FMCSA alcohol and controlled substances tests
  • An explanation of what constitutes a refusal to submit to an alcohol or controlled substances test, and the consequences of a refusal
  • The consequences for drivers found to have violated subpart B of this part, including the requirement that the driver be removed immediately from safety-sensitive functions, and the procedures under part 40, subpart O, of this title
  • The consequences for drivers found to have an alcohol concentration of 0.02 or greater but less than 0.04


  • The circumstances under which a driver will be tested for alcohol and/or controlled substances under this part, including post-accident testing
  • The procedures that will be used to test for alcohol and controlled substances, protect the driver and the integrity of the testing processes, safeguard the validity of the test results, and ensure that those results are attributed to the correct driver, including post-accident information, procedures and instructions

Alcohol and drugs

  • Information concerning the effects of alcohol and controlled substances use on an individual's health, work, and personal life; signs and symptoms of an alcohol or a controlled substances problem (the driver's or a co-worker's);
  • Available methods of intervening when an alcohol or a controlled substances problem is suspected, including confrontation, referral to any employee assistance program and or referral to management.